St Francis Xavier

Catholic Primary School

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We love visiting our school library and talking about books as a class. We call it 'book talk'.



Handwriting develops as children develop increased control over their bodies and a desire to communicate through mark-making. In order to eventually acquire a legible, fluent and fast handwriting style, children need to develop skills including good gross and fine motor control, recognition of pattern, a language to talk about shapes and movements, the main handwriting movements involved in the three basic letter shapes as exemplified by: l, c, r. 


What is the difference between gross and fine motor control?


Fine motor control is the term used to describe smaller movements, usually of the hand and fingers. Fine motor control is best developed through activities which involve small-scale movements. Gross motor control is the term used to describe the development of controlled movements of the whole body, or limbs (arms or legs). Of particular importance in relation to handwriting is the development of good posture and balance. Activities such as dance, football, use of small apparatus, cycling, gripping climbing frames and building with large-scale construction kits all develop gross motor control. 


Ways in which you can support your child to develop their fine motor skills-

  • Using fingers to thread beads onto string to make a bracelet for example. This can be as simple as colored pasta tubes and a piece of string.
  • Building with lego can be a great way to encourage fine motor development, 
  • Using tweezers to pick up small items, for example pompoms, beads or buttons. The smaller the item the more challenging this activity becomes!
  • A threading or weaving activity with card and string, 
  • Using pegs to hang different objects,
  • Having a competition to see who can pop the most bubble wrap in 1 minute!
  • Involving children in simple tasks such as peeling vegetables or fruit skin. 


Reading in Nursery


The early reading skills your child will learn in Nursery are an essential foundation for starting school. The focus of reading is on sharing stories, songs, and rhymes together and building talking and listening skills. 


We learn our topic through stories, this topic we are reading:

  • Room on the broom,
  • A Monsters Surprise,
  • Supertato.